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FW 2015-20- Hazardous Materials Operations

0.00 EGP

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Start
March 1, 2020
End
March 4, 2020

To specify minimum competencies required for those that respond to hazardous materials/weapons of mass destruction incidents.

To produce firefighters who meet the requirements of NFPA 472.

Standard identifies the minimum job performance requirements for responders to emergencies involving hazardous materials and weapons of mass destruction and cover the competencies for Hazardous Materials Operations.

  • 1.1*Surveying Hazardous Materials/ WMD Incidents. Given scenarios involving hazardous materials/WMD incidents, the operations level responder shall collect information about the incident to identify the containers, the materials involved, the surrounding conditions, and whether hazardous materials/ WMD have been released by completing the requirements of 1.2 through 1.18.1.2* Given three examples each of liquid, gas, and solid hazardous material or WMD, including various hazard classes, operations level personnel shall identify the general shapes of containers in which the hazardous materials/WMD are typically found. 

    1.3 Given examples of the following tank cars, the operations level responder shall identify each tank car by type, as follows: (1) Cryogenic liquid tank cars (2) Non pressure tank cars (general service or low pressure cars) (3) Pressure tank cars

     

    1.4 Given examples of the following intermodal tanks, the operations level responder shall identify each intermodal tank by type, as follows: (1) Non pressure intermodal tanks (2) Pressure intermodal tanks (3) Specialized intermodal tanks, including the following: (a) Cryogenic intermodal tanks (b) Tube modules

     

    1.5 Given examples of the following cargo tanks, the operations level responder shall identify each cargo tank by type, as follows: (1) Compressed gas tube trailers (2) Corrosive liquid tanks (3) Cryogenic liquid tanks (4) Dry bulk cargo tanks (5) High pressure tanks (6) Low pressure chemical tanks (7) Non pressure liquid tanks

     

    1.6 Given examples of the following storage tanks, the operations level responder shall identify each tank by type, as follows: (1) Cryogenic liquid tank (2) Non pressure tank (3) Pressure tank

     

    1.7 Given examples of the following non bulk packaging, the operations level responder shall identify each package by type, as follows: (1) Bags (2) Carboys (3) Cylinders (4) Drums (5) Dewar flask (cryogenic liquids)

     

    1.8 Given examples of the following packaging, the operations level responder shall identify the characteristics of each container or package by type as follows: (1) Intermediate bulk container (IBC) (2) Ton container

     

    1.9* Given examples of the following radioactive material packages, the operations level responder shall identify the characteristics of each container or package by type, as follows: (1) Excepted (2) Industrial

     

    • Type A (4) Type B (5) Type C 5.2.1.2 Given examples of containers, the operations level responder shall identify the markings that differentiate one container from another.

     

    1.10 Given examples of the following marked transport vehicles and their corresponding shipping papers, the operations level responder shall identify the following vehicle or tank identification marking:

     

    • Highway transport vehicles, including cargo tanks (2) Intermodal equipment, including tank containers (3) Rail transport vehicles, including tank cars

     

    1.11 Given examples of facility containers, the operations level responder shall identify the markings indicating container size, product contained, and/or site identification numbers.

     

    1.12 Given examples of hazardous materials incidents, the operations level responder shall identify the name(s) of the hazardous material(s) in 1.2 through 1.4

     

    1.13 The operations level responder shall identify the following information on a pipeline marker: (1) Emergency telephone number (2) Owner (3) Product

     

    1.14 Given a pesticide label, the operations level responder shall identify each of the following pieces of information, then match the piece of information to its significance in surveying hazardous materials incidents: (1) Active ingredient (2) Hazard statement (3) Name of pesticide (4) Pest control product (PCP) number (in Canada) (5) Precautionary statement (6) Signal word

     

    1.15 Given a label for a radioactive material, the operations level responder shall identify the type or category of label, contents, activity, transport index, and criticality safety index as applicable.

     

    1.16* The operations level responder shall identify and list the surrounding conditions that should be noted when a hazardous materials/WMD incident is surveyed.

     

    1.17 The operations level responder shall describe ways to verify information obtained from the survey of a hazardous materials/WMD incident.

     

    1.18* The operations level responder shall identify at least three additional hazards that could be associated with an incident involving terrorist or criminal activities.

     

    1.19 Collecting Hazard and Response Information. Given scenarios involving known hazardous materials/ WMD, the operations level responder shall collect hazard and response information using MSDS, CHEMTREC/CANUTEC/SETIQ, governmental authorities, and shippers and manufacturers by completing the following requirements: (1) Match the definitions associated with the UN/DOT hazard classes and divisions of hazardous materials/WMD, including refrigerated liquefied gases and cryogenic liquids, with the class or division (2) Identify two ways to obtain an MSDS in an emergency (3) Using an MSDS for a specified material, identify the following hazard and response information: (a) Physical and chemical characteristics (b) Physical hazards of the material (c) Health hazards of the material (d) Signs

     

    and symptoms of exposure (e) Routes of entry (f) Permissible exposure limits (g) Responsible party contact (h) Precautions for safe handling (including hygiene practices, protective measures, and procedures for cleanup of spills and leaks) (i) Applicable control measures, including personal protective equipment (j) Emergency and first-aid procedures (4) Identify the following: (a) Type of assistance provided by CHEMTREC/ CANUTEC/SETIQ and governmental authorities (b) Procedure for contacting CHEMTREC/CANUTEC/ SETIQ and governmental authorities (c) Information to be furnished to CHEMTREC/ CANUTEC/SETIQ and governmental authorities (5) Identify two methods of contacting the manufacturer or shipper to obtain hazard and response information (6) Identify the type of assistance provided by governmental authorities with respect to criminal or terrorist activities involving the release or potential release of hazardous materials/WMD (7) Identify the procedure for contacting local, state, and federal authorities as specified in the emergency response plan and/or standard operating procedures (8)*Describe the properties and characteristics of the following: (a) Alpha radiation (b) Beta radiation (c) Gamma radiation (d) Neutron radiation

     

     

     

    1.20* Predicting the Likely Behavior of a Material and Its Container. Given scenarios involving hazardous materials/ WMD incidents, each with a single hazardous material/WMD, the operations level responder shall describe the likely behavior of the material or agent and its container by completing the following requirements: (1) Use the hazard and response information obtained from the current edition of the DOT Emergency Response Guidebook, MSDS, CHEMTREC/CANUTEC/SETIQ, governmental authorities, and shipper and manufacturer contacts, as follows: (a) Match the following chemical and physical properties with their significance and impact on the behavior of the container and its contents: i. Boiling point ii. Chemical reactivity iii. Corrosivity (pH) iv. Flammable (explosive) range [lower explosive limit (LEL) and upper explosive limit (UEL)] v. Flash point vi. Ignition (auto ignition) temperature vii. Particle size viii. Persistence ix. Physical state (solid, liquid, gas) x. Radiation (ionizing and non-ionizing) xi. Specific gravity xii. Toxic products of combustion xiii. Vapor density xiv. Vapor pressure xv. Water solubility (b) Identify the differences between the following terms: i. Contamination and secondary contamination ii. Exposure and contamination iii. Exposure and hazard iv. Infectious and contagious v. Acute effects and chronic effects vi. Acute exposures and chronic exposures (2)*Identify three types of stress that can cause a container system to release its contents (3)*Identify five ways in which containers can breach (4)*Identify four ways in which containers can release their contents (5)*Identify at least four dispersion patterns that can be created upon release of a hazardous material (6)*Identify the time frames for estimating the duration that hazardous materials/WMD will present an exposure risk (7)*Identify the health and physical hazards that could cause harm (8)*Identify the health hazards associated with the following terms: (a) Alpha, beta, gamma, and neutron radiation (b) Asphyxiant (c)*Carcinogen (d) Convulsant (e) Corrosive (f) Highly toxic (g) Irritant (h) Sensitizer, allergen (i) Target organ effects (j) Toxic (9)*Given the following, identify the corresponding UN/ DOT hazard class and division: (a) Blood agents (b) Biological agents and biological toxins (c) Choking agents (d) Irritants (riot control agents) (e) Nerve agents (f) Radiological materials (g) Vesicants (blister agents)

     

    1.21* Estimating Potential Harm. Given scenarios involving hazardous materials/WMD incidents, the operations level responder shall describe the potential harm within the endangered area at each incident by completing the following requirements: (1)*Identify a resource for determining the size of an endangered area of a hazardous materials/WMD incident (2) Given the dimensions of the endangered area and the surrounding conditions at a hazardous materials/WMD incident, describe the number and type of exposures within that endangered area (3) Identify resources available for determining the concentrations of a released hazardous materials/WMD within an endangered area (4)*Given the concentrations of the released material, describe the factors for determining the extent of physical, health, and safety hazards within the endangered area of a hazardous materials/WMD incident (5) Describe the impact that time, distance, and shielding have on exposure to radioactive materials specific to the expected dose rate

     

    Planning the Response.

     

    1.22 Describing Response Objectives. Given at least two scenarios involving hazardous materials/WMD incidents, the operations level responder shall describe the response objectives for each example by completing the following requirements: (1) Given an analysis of a hazardous materials/WMD incident and the exposures, describe the number of exposures that could be saved with the resources provided by the AHJ (2) Given an analysis of a hazardous materials/WMD incident, describe the steps for determining response objectives (3) Describe how to assess the risk to a responder for each hazard class in rescuing injured persons at a hazardous materials/WMD incident (4)*Describe the potential for secondary attacks and devices at criminal or terrorist events

     

    1.23 Identifying Action Options. Given examples of hazardous materials/WMD incidents (facility and transportation), the operations level responder shall identify the options for each response objective and shall meet the following requirements: (1) Identify the options to accomplish a given response objective (2) Describe the prioritization of emergency medical care and removal of victims from the hazard area relative to exposure and contamination concerns

     

    1.24 Determining Suitability of Personal Protective Equipment. Given examples of hazardous materials/WMD incidents, including the names of the hazardous materials/WMD involved and the anticipated type of exposure, the operations level responder shall determine whether available personal protective equipment is applicable to performing assigned tasks by completing the following requirements: (1)*Identify the respiratory protection required for a given response option and the following: (a) Describe the advantages, limitations, uses, and operational components of the following types of respiratory protection at hazardous materials/ WMD incidents: i. Positive pressure self-contained breathing apparatus (SCBA) ii. Positive pressure air-line respirator with required escape unit

     

    • Closed-circuit SCBA iv. Powered air-purifying respirator (PAPR) v. Air-purifying respirator (APR) vi. Particulate respirator (b) Identify the required physical capabilities and limitations of personnel working in respiratory protection (2) Identify the personal protective clothing required for a given option and the following: (a) Identify skin contact hazards encountered at hazardous materials/WMD incidents (b)

     

    Identify the purpose, advantages, and limitations of the following types of protective clothing at hazardous materials/WMD incidents: i. Chemical-protective clothing such as liquid splash–protective clothing and vapor-protective clothing ii. High temperature–protective clothing such as proximity suit and entry suits iii. Structural fire-fighting protective clothing

     

    1.25* Identifying Decontamination Issues. Given scenarios involving hazardous materials/WMD incidents, the operations level responder shall identify when decontamination is needed by completing the following requirements: (1) Identify ways that people, personal protective equipment, apparatus, tools, and equipment become contaminated (2) Describe how the potential for secondary contamination determines the need for decontamination (3) Explain the importance and limitations of decontamination procedures at hazardous materials incidents (4) Identify the purpose of emergency decontamination procedures at hazardous materials incidents (5) Identify the methods, advantages, and limitations of emergency decontamination procedures

     

    Implementing the Planned Response.

     

    1.26 Establishing Scene Control. Given two scenarios involving hazardous materials/WMD incidents, the operations level responder shall explain how to establish and maintain scene control, including control zones and emergency decontamination, and communications between responders and to the public by completing the following requirements: (1) Identify the procedures for establishing scene control through control zones (2) Identify the criteria for determining the locations of the control zones at hazardous materials/WMD incidents (3) Identify the basic techniques for the following protective actions at hazardous materials/WMD incidents: (a) Evacuation (b) Shelter-in-place (4)*Demonstrate the ability to perform emergency decontamination (5)*Identify the items to be considered in a safety briefing prior to allowing personnel to work at the following: (a) Hazardous material incidents (b)*Hazardous materials/WMD incidents involving criminal activities (6) Identify the procedures for ensuring coordinated communication between responders and to the public

     

    1.27*Preserving Evidence. Given two scenarios involving hazardous materials/WMD incidents, the operations level responder shall describe the process to preserve evidence as listed in the emergency response plan and/or standard operating procedures.

     

    1.28* Initiating the Incident Command System. Given scenarios involving hazardous materials/WMD incidents, the operations level responder shall implement the incident command system as required by the AHJ by completing the following requirements: (1) Identify the role of the operations level responder during hazardous materials/WMD incidents as specified in the emergency response plan and/or standard operating procedures (2) Identify the levels of hazardous materials/WMD incidents as defined in the emergency response plan (3) Identify the purpose, need, benefits, and elements of the incident command system for hazardous materials/WMD incidents (4) Identify the duties and responsibilities of the following functions within the incident management system: (a) Incident safety officer (b) Hazardous materials branch or group (5) Identify the considerations for determining the location of the incident command post for a hazardous materials/ WMD incident (6) Identify the

     

    procedures for requesting additional resources at a hazardous materials/WMD incident (7) Describe the role and response objectives of other agencies that respond to hazardous materials/WMD incidents

     

    1.29 Using Personal Protective Equipment. Given the personal protective equipment provided by the AHJ, the operations level responder shall describe considerations for the use of personal protective equipment provided by the AHJ by completing the following requirements: (1) Identify the importance of the buddy system (2) Identify the importance of the backup personnel (3) Identify the safety precautions to be observed when approaching and working at hazardous materials/WMD incidents (4) Identify the signs and symptoms of heat and cold stress and procedures for their control (5) Identify the capabilities and limitations of personnel working in the personal protective equipment provided by the AHJ (6) Identify the procedures for cleaning, disinfecting, and inspecting personal protective equipment provided by the AHJ (7) Describe the maintenance, testing, inspection, and storage procedures for personal protective equipment provided by the AHJ according to the manufacturer’s specifications and recommendations

     

    Evaluating Progress.

     

    1.30 Evaluating the Status of Planned Response. Given two scenarios involving hazardous materials/WMD incidents, including the incident action plan, the operations level responder shall determine the effectiveness of the actions taken in accomplishing the response objectives and shall meet the following requirements: (1) Identify the considerations for evaluating whether actions taken were effective in accomplishing the objectives (2) Describe the circumstances under which it would be prudent to withdraw from a hazardous materials/WMD incident

     

    1.31 Communicating the Status of Planned Response. Given two scenarios involving hazardous materials/WMD incidents, including the incident action plan, the operations level responder shall report the status of the planned response through the normal chain of command by completing the following requirements: (1) Identify the procedures for reporting the status of the planned response through the normal chain of command (2) Identify the methods for immediate notification of the incident commander and other response personnel about critical emergency conditions at the incident.

FW 2015-20- Hazardous Materials Operations

0.00 EGP

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